Lebanon: Country profile - CNN
June - Lebanon plays no active role in the Arab-Israeli war but is to be . October - Lebanon establishes diplomatic relations with Syria for first time Summer - The Syrian conflict that began in March spills over into. Lebanon could have no more fitting symbol of its tumultuous history than its national flag. Updated PM ET, Fri August 10, .. Lebanon is its fractious and often bloody relationship with its neighbors, Israel and Syria. With the. Iran needs a strategic partner to "confront" Israel? . The dam was included in Lebanon's budget and the contract was awarded to a.
It crossed into the northern Galilee. By the end of the conflict, however, it had been repulsed by Israeli forces, which occupied South Lebanon. Israel signed armistice agreements with each of its invading neighbors.
Here's how Israel is changing its tune on Lebanon - Middle East - Jerusalem Post
The armistice with Lebanon was signed on 23 March By the conclusion of that war, Israel had signed ceasefire agreements with all of the neighbouring Arab countries. However, it was understood by all the state parties at the time that the armistice agreements were not peace treaties with Israel, nor the final resolution of the conflict between them, including the borders.
After the war, the United Nations estimated Palestinian Arabsout an estimated 1. The refugees could not work, travel, or engage in political activities.
5 things you need to know about Lebanon and Syria
Initially the refugees were too impoverished to develop a leadership capable of representing their concerns. Black September in Jordan and Palestinian insurgency in South Lebanon The PLO, from its inception in by Ahmed Shukeribegan executing numerous terror attacks on Israeli civilians in attempt to fulfill its mission charter's vow to pursue in "the path of holy war al- jihad " until the establishment of a Palestinian State in place of the State of Israel.
From onwards, the Palestine Liberation Organization PLO began conducting raids from Lebanon into Israel, and Israel began making retaliatory raids against Lebanese villages to encourage the Lebanese people to themselves deal with the fedayeen. Inthe PLO attempted to overthrow a reigning monarch, King Hussein of Jordanand following his quashing of the rebellion in what Arab historians call Black Septemberthe PLO leadership and their troops fled from Jordan  to Syria and finally Lebanon, where cross-border violence increased.
With headquarters now in BeirutPLO factions recruited new members from the Palestinian refugee camps. With its own army operating freely in Lebanon, the PLO had created a state within a state. Members of Israel's elite Special Forces landed by boat in Lebanon on 9 Apriland with the aid of Israeli intelligence agents, infiltrated the PLO headquarters in Beirut and assassinated several members of its leadership.
Lebanon profile - Timeline - BBC News
In the PLO altered its focus to include political elements, necessary for a dialogue with Israel. Lebanese Civil War — Main article: Governmental power had been allotted among the different religious groups by the National Pact based partially on the results of the census.
Changes in demographics and increased feelings of deprivation by certain ethnic groups, as well as Israeli—Palestinian clashes in the south of the county all contributed to the outbreak of the Lebanese Civil War. Fearing loss of commercial access to the port of Beirutin June Syria intervened in the civil war to support the Maronite dominated government,  and by October had 40, troops stationed within Lebanon.
Operation Litani Main articles: By the end of the incident, nine hijackers  and 38 Israeli civilians including 13 children were dead. After killing a police officer who had discovered their presence, they took a father and his daughter hostage in an apartment building.
After fleeing with the hostages from police back to the beach, a shootout killed one policeman and two of the militants. Kuntar then executed the hostages before he and the remaining invader were captured. The Israeli army laid siege to Beirut. During the conflict, according to Lebanese sources, between 15,—20, people were killed, mostly civilians.
The National Assembly of Lebanon narrowly chose Bachir Gemayel as president-electbut when he was assassinated on 14 SeptemberIsrael reoccupied West Beirut and Maronite militias carried out the Sabra and Shatila massacre.
The agreement called for a staged Israeli withdrawal over the next eight to twelve weeks and the establishment of a "security zone" to be patrolled by the Lebanese army in southern Lebanon,  but was conditional on Syrian withdrawal as well.
In Augustas Israel withdrew from the areas southeast of Beirut to the Awali River Lebanese factions clashed for control of the freed territory. During the South Lebanon conflict the Hezbollah militia waged a guerrilla campaign against Israeli forces occupying Southern Lebanon and their South Lebanon Army proxies. In Marchthe National Assembly of Lebanon passed an amnesty law that pardoned all political crimes prior to its enactment, and in Maythe militias—with the important exceptions of Hezbollah and the SLA—were dissolved, and the Lebanese Armed Forces began to slowly rebuild themselves as Lebanon's only major non-sectarian institution.
InHezbollah won ten out of seats in the Lebanese National Assembly. The given reason was to retaliate for the death of IDF soldiers in the "security zone" which Israel had created in in southern Lebanon to protect its northern borders from both Hezbollah and the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine — General Command.
On 10 July Hezbollah undertook an operation in which 5 Israeli soldiers were killed; a further attack on 19 July caused several further casualties to the IDF, and on the 23rd. Cross-border raids were frequent from both sides, and Operation Accountability arose from the escalation in hostilities. Israeli forces also destroyed infrastructure such as power stations and bridges.
According to Michael Brecher, the aim of Operation Accountability was to precipitate a large flight of Lebanese refugees from the south towards Beirut and thereby put the Lebanese government under pressure to rein in Hezbollah. A truce agreement brokered by the US secured an Israeli undertaking to stop attacks north of its security zone in Lebanon, and a Hezbollah agreement to desist from firing rockets into Israel.
Israel conducted massive air raids and extensive shelling in southern Lebanon. The conflict ended on 26 April with the Israeli-Lebanese Ceasefire Understanding  in which both Hezbollah and Israel agreed to, respect the "rules of the game" and forgo attacks on civilians. Eighteen people were reported to have been injured.
The South Lebanon Army's equipment and positions largely fell into the hands of Hezbollah. Lebanon celebrates 25 May, Liberation Dayas a national holiday. Border clashes, assassinations September — July Main articles: The ticket swept all 23 parliamentary seats allotted for south Lebanon in that region's first election since Benyamin Avraham, and Staff Sgt. Omar Sawaidwere — were abducted by Hezbollah across the Israeli—Lebanese border. The remains of 59 Lebanese militants and civilians and the bodies of the three Israeli soldiers captured on 7 October were also part of the exchange.
Hezbollah requested that maps showing Israeli mines in South Lebanon be included in the deal. Between July and August there was a period of more intense border conflict.
Hezbollah said the clash began when Israeli forces shelled its positions, while Israel said that Hezbollah had started the fighting with a sniper attack on a border outpost. Jerusalem has not only conveyed this message both to Washington and Moscow, in particular, but also has transmitted the warning directly to the Lebanese opposition and thus, as a corollary, to their political representatives.
Be the first to know - Join our Facebook page. Giora Eiland, a former head of Israel's National Security Council, Jerusalem's actions are motivated by a concern over the prospect of a future war being fought on two fronts. As such, even if a war broke out in Lebanon, the Syrian theater might stay closed.
But in five years, this could be different and Israel could have to face Hezbollah and Hezbollah 2. So this is not something new. However, since we never experienced a war on multiple fronts and this is obviously more challenging.
Ronen Manelis was published on the Lebanese Ahewar website and then quickly went viral throughout the region. Iran has de-facto opened a new branch, the 'Lebanon branch. Netanyahu's comments come amid heightened concern that the Islamic Republic is developing precision-guidance systems — possibly in subterranean facilities — to be fitted onto Hezbollah's longer-range missiles, which could potentially allow the terror group to accurately target critical Israeli infrastructure.
In fact, just hours before Liberman made his comments, a senior US official pledged — on the exact same stage at the exact same conference — continued support for Lebanon's military. This followed numerous public declarations of support by Washington for Lebanese Prime Minister Saad Hariri — who sits in a government with Hezbollah — after he reversed his decision, amid western intervention, to resign late last year under suspicious circumstances.
To this end, US Treasury Assistant Secretary for Terrorist Financing, Marshall Billingslea, was in Lebanon last week and "urged [the government] to take every possible measure to ensure [Hezbollah] is not part of the financial sector. In this respect, the US firmly backs the Lebanese government despite Hezbollah's domination over Beirut.
This reality was made stark when head of state Aoun raised eyebrows by praising the terror group as the primary source of "resistance" to Israel and for playing a "complimentary role to the Lebanese army," in the process seemingly validating the Israeli contention that the two bodies coordinate together.
As regards Europe, the situation is even more abstruse, as evidenced by Wednesday's news that Bulgarian state prosecutors will not charge Hezbollah with involvement in the bombing of an Israeli tour bus at the Burgas airport, which killed six people. The prosecutors claimed that they had not been provided with proof of the terror group's complicity; this, despite multiple previous pronouncements by Bulgarian officials explicitly linking Hezbollah to the attack, including one by then-foreign minister Nikolay Mladenov who, in a further bit of irony, also attended the INSS conference in Tel Aviv in his new capacity as UN Middle East peace envoy.
Developments in Bulgaria fit into Europe's broader approach to Hezbollah, which might be described as a separation of terror and state.
While the Lebanese group's "military wing" was blacklisted by most of the European Union in —a decision that, equally ironic, was prompted by the Burgas bombing that EU member state Bulgaria now says had nothing to do with Hezbollah—the terror group's so-called "political arm" freely operates throughout the continent, raising funds and recruiting members at will.
In Eiland's estimation, this complexity — and perplexity — stems from a misunderstanding of the Lebanese arena, which is perceived very differently by western nations than it is by Israel. The former, he explained to The Media Line, "differentiates between a camp of 'good guys' and 'bad guys. But despite the supposed distinction, there is an agreement between both sides in which the good guys act in a way that ensures the continued support of the West while the bad guys provide security.
This is in sharp contrast to the position of Israel, which therefore cannot expect to garner much support even from its closest allies for its stated policy that, in a future war with Hezbollah, all of Lebanon will be "fair game.