US election the electoral college explained - Telegraph
Texas Presidential Electors Meet, Cast Electoral Votes for President and election of President and Vice President of the United States. The electors meet in each state and cast their ballots for president and vice Maine and Nebraska are the only states that do not use a winner-take-all system. US election Obama vs Romney, battle of the books The constitution decrees that each state's electors should meet in December (on.
So who are the members of the Electoral College?
This certificate officially lists electors in Pennsylvania in Political parties within states pick people to serve as electors, under rules approved by state legislatures. The electors are usually party leaders or members. Here are the basics: The total number of Electoral College members equals the number of people in Congress and three additional electors from the District of Columbia.
List of 2012 United States presidential electors
States have different rules for when official slates are submitted to election officials. Each political party decides how to submit its slate of electors, at the request of its presidential candidate. The state decides when that slate needs to be submitted. On Election Day, people vote for a Presidential and Vice Presidential candidate and the slate of electors that represents those candidates.
The electors of each state convene after the election, under current federal law, on the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December. Any disputes within the states over electors must be resolved by December They almost always meet in person at the state capital.
This year, they will meet on December 19, In 48 of 50 states, just the electors who represent the candidate with the most popular votes on Election Day each get to cast votes in the Electoral College election. The parties want to be sure they can rely on their electors to cast their votes for the party's nominee for president. Election Day, when voters in each state will select their presidential electors.
The names of electors are not on the ballot in most states. If a majority of voters in a state vote for the Republican candidate for president, the Republican slate of electors is elected. If a majority vote for the Democratic candidate, the Democratic slate of electors is chosen.
Duly Appointed Presidential Electors -
Deadline for Resolving Election Disputes. All state recounts and court contests over presidential election results must be completed by this date. Meeting of the Electors. The electors meet in each state and cast their ballots for president and vice president.
Each elector votes on his or her own ballot and signs it. The ballots are immediately transmitted to various people: Senate who is also the vice president of the United States ; this is the copy that will be officially counted later.
Other copies go to the state's secretary of state, the National Archives and Records Administration, and the presiding judge in the district where the electors meet this serves as a backup copy that would replace the official copy sent to the president of the Senate if it is lost or destroyed.
Deadline for Receipt of Ballots. The electors' ballots from all states must be received by the president of the Senate by this date. There is no penalty for missing this deadline. Counting of the Electoral Ballots. Congress meets in joint session to count the electoral votes.
The president-elect becomes the president of the United States. Nomination of Electors The U. Constitution does not specify procedures for the nomination of candidates for presidential elector. The two most common methods the states have adopted are nomination by state party convention and by state party committee. Generally, the parties select members known for their loyalty and service to the party, such as party leaders, state and local elected officials and party activists.
However, in most states, electors' names are not printed on the ballot. Awarding Electoral Votes All 50 states and the District of Columbia use one of two methods for awarding their electoral votes: The Winner-Take-All System In 48 states and the District of Columbia, when a candidate for president wins a state's popular vote, that party's slate of electors will be the ones to cast the vote for president of the United States in December.
For example, Florida has 29 electoral votes. These 29 people will gather on Dec. The District System Maine and Nebraska are the only states that do not use a winner-take-all system. Instead, in these two states, one electoral vote is awarded to the presidential candidate who wins the popular vote in each congressional district, and the remaining two electoral votes are awarded to the candidates receiving the most votes statewide.
US election 2012: the electoral college explained
This is known as the district system. It is possible under the district system to split the electoral vote for the state.
This happened in in Nebraska: Barack Obama won the electoral vote in the congressional district including Omaha, while John McCain won in the state's other two districts and won the statewide vote as well, securing the state's two at-large votes. Thus, when the Nebraska presidential electors met in Decemberthere were four Republican electors and one Democrat.