How many topics are there in journalism?

Journalism degree

The Bachelor's degree in Journalism is divided into two parts, so to speak: In the first three semesters you are in the basic course. You will get the journalistic basics mediated, e.g. B. the functioning of the media landscape, properties of the various media and the theoretical background knowledge about writing itself (research, forms of representation, ethics, law, etc.) as well as about the various media (newspaper or print, radio, TV or digital media).

In the so-called main course from the fourth semester onwards, you will then continue own focuswith which you can specialize for your later career. Which focal points these are depends on the respective university. Possible focal points are, for example, cross-media, moderation, media management or video or online journalism. It is best to find out more in advance at the respective university or college, e.g. B. by looking at the curriculum so that you know what options you have in your studies.

Tip: If you would like to focus on a certain subject area straight away, a degree in fashion journalism or a degree in sports journalism is the right alternative.

And what about the Masters in Journalism?

in the Master of Journalism As a rule, things are a little more specific than in the Bachelor's degree. Often the focus is on imparting knowledge about cross-media products, but also specialist journalism e.g. B. on sport or health are included in the courses. And of course there are also some offers that are dedicated to journalism and corporate communication.

The aim of the master’s program is to provide the students with the methodological and technical tools to meet cross-media requirements.

Possible contents in the Bachelor Journalism:

  • Media and cultural systems
  • Media and press law
  • Print journalism
  • Online journalism
  • TV journalism
  • Radio journalism
  • Journalistic research
  • Investigative journalism
  • Genres and formats
  • Statistics and data analysis
  • Media ethical principles
  • Media business administration
  • Media-specific writing and copywriting
  • Internal and external communication
  • Crisis PR
  • Business & Economics
  • Sales corporate
  • Publishing & storytelling

Possible content in the Master’s Journalism:

  • (International) media law (copyright, contract law, etc.)
  • Leadership skills
  • Cross-media publishing
  • Online journalism
  • Media ethics
  • Editorial management
  • Television journalism
  • Working in print editors: Departments
  • Methods of journalism research
  • Current perspectives in communication policy
  • Editorial work on the radio

The journalism course is basically very practice-oriented: Private universities, in particular, often work with industry or, in this case, with media companies, so that you usually have the opportunity to work with companies during your studies in order to work on real-life projects and make important contacts. This is very important for the later entry into professional life.

Bachelor's degree in journalism

  • General or subject-specific higher education entrance qualification (Abitur)
  • Fachhochschulreife (technical diploma)
  • Equivalent entry requirements


  • partly: pre-study internship in journalism

In private institutions in particular, there is often a Studying without a high school diploma possible if you meet certain other requirements instead. The best thing to do is to find out what exactly is required from the relevant student advisory service at the university.

Master's degree in journalism

  • Completed bachelor's degree or a first university degree in a related field (a certain minimum grade is often required, e.g. 2.5)
  • usually proof of practical work experience (required duration varies)
  • possibly certain foreign language skills, e.g. B. Proof of English level B2 via IELTS or TOEFL

Selection process

Some providers also have one internal university selection process, e.g. B. with their own point system, through which they filter the applicants similar to an NC. How exactly this test runs can be determined individually by the universities, so it is best to inquire with the respective universities themselves, e.g. B. at the student advisory service or on the homepage. You can find the right universities in our detailed Database.

Some universities also require a Motivation letter for application.

Make sure that there are special deadlines for applications! As a rule, the application period for the winter semester (start September / October) at state universities and colleges ends on July 15, for the summer semester (start in March / April) on January 15.

At private universities, you can often apply all year round, but the acceptance is often given in the order in which the applications are made. Applying as early as possible also makes sense for private providers.

At many universities there is no NC for a Bachelor’s degree in journalism, as this degree is often offered at private universities and the study places there are more likely to be selected through internal selection processes.

But there are also examples of state universities or colleges with an NC, e.g. B. Jade College. There the NC was 2.5 in the 2018/19 winter semester and 3.5 in the 2018 summer semester. And at the Westphalian University of Applied Sciences, the NC for the 2019/20 winter semester was 2.4, in the 2018/19 winter semester the NC was 2.2.

As a future journalist, you have surely already researched hard to find out that you will always have to pay for your studies, in the form of living expenses and possibly also tuition fees. Fortunately, there are many funding options. In our advice article on the topic Costs and funding for your studies you can find more detailed information about this.

personal requirements

First and foremost, you should of course be able to use words for a journalism degree: You should already have knowledge of spelling and grammar as well as a feeling for exciting topics and the right way to convey them.

Qualities such as good organizational skills, the ability to work in a team and mastery of presentation techniques can also be very helpful to you in your job after your studies.

  • Duration: 6 - 7 semesters
  • Graduation: Bachelor of Arts (B.A.)
  • Integrated semester abroad or internship: A compulsory internship is almost always provided, some universities provide for a stay abroad as part of the course of study