Should I visit Milan, Bologna or Trieste
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The spread of COVID-19 continues to lead to restrictions in international air and travel traffic and impairment of public life.
Before unnecessary, tourist trips to Italy will be due to high numbers of infections warned.
Italy was severely affected by COVID-19 several times, the number of infections is falling again. Nationwide, the number of new infections is more than 50 cases per 100,000 inhabitants over seven days, which is why Italy is still classified as a risk area.
The European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) provides current and detailed figures. There is currently a state of emergency in Italy.
From countries of the European Union and thus also from Germany as well as from Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland and the United Kingdom, entry to Italy has been permitted in principle and again since May 16, 2021 without the obligation to quarantine, but travel within Italy may be possible depending on the classification of the Region can be restricted, see Restrictions in the country.
Entry must be registered using an online form. Only in cases in which online registration is not (yet) possible for technical reasons, the entry declaration (in Italian) (the English version is only used as a translation aid) can be submitted in paper form. A separate entry form is required to enter the autonomous province of Bolzano South Tyrol.
In principle, a negative PCR or antigen test must be submitted, which must not be older than 48 hours upon entry. Children under two years of age are excluded. Various airlines require a negative test when boarding.
Travelers without a negative test are required to self-isolate for ten days and take a test at the end. Cross-border commuters for professional reasons, commuters, schoolchildren, students and travelers for urgent health reasons for stays of up to 120 hours are excluded from this. The Ministry of Health informs about further exceptions.
Entry must always be reported to the responsible health department within 48 hours.
For entry out Third countries In principle, entry restrictions still apply. People staying in these countries are only allowed to enter Italy for proven work or health reasons, for study purposes or for reasons of absolute urgency or to return to their place of residence or domicile (however, it must be a permanent return to Italy: After return, therefore, it is not allowed to “travel back and forth” between different dwellings in third countries). There is an entry ban for all persons who have been in Brazil, Bangladesh, India, among others, in the 14 days prior to entry.
Transit and onward travel
It is possible to travel through Italy from the EU / Schengen countries for up to 36 hours without restrictions and without a test requirement. For transit or onward travel through Austria and Switzerland, the transit regulations of these countries must be observed.
There are restrictions on international air, train, bus and ferry traffic. Certain restrictions also apply to those traveling by car in Italy. The Italian embassy in Berlin offers further information (in German).
Train travel between Germany and Italy is possible via Austria as well as Switzerland, but there may be cancellations or disabilities.
The Deutsche Bahn or the Swiss Federal Railways SBB and the Austrian Federal Railways ÖBB provide information about train connections.
Buses from various bus companies are sometimes very limited and not according to the regular schedule. Further information can be obtained from the relevant bus companies.
Restrictions in the country
The health emergency applies. There are restrictions on freedom of movement and travel throughout Italy. A night curfew will apply nationwide with effect from May 19, 2021.
The regions and autonomous provinces are divided into four categories (white, yellow, orange and red) depending on the epidemiological situation, for which specific restrictive measures are foreseen. The classification is based on ordinances of the Ministry of Health. Information on the individual measures is available from the Italian Ministry of Health (only in English), also with an interactive map and the FAQs on the website of the Italian government (only in Italian).
Travel within Italy to other regions can be restricted depending on the classification of the region as a yellow, red or orange zone, with valid reasons being the exception. Travel between regions classified as “yellow” is possible again. People with a “green COVID-19 certificate” (for those who have been vaccinated, recovered and those who have been tested) are again allowed to move freely between all zones. Certificates from other EU countries are equivalent to this certification. In Italy, the “green COVID-19 certificate” (“certificato verde”) recognizes all evidence that a complete vaccination cycle, recovery from an infection with the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus or a negative molecular or antigen rapid test within the last Certify 48 hours.
You are always allowed to return to your primary residence. This must be stated in a self-declaration (in Italian).
Mouth and nose protection is mandatory in all of Italy in public spaces. A mask must therefore always be carried with you. Children under the age of six are exempt from the mask requirement. Violations of the obligation to wear can be punished with high fines.
There are rules of 1-2 meters between people.
Temperature measurements are often taken before entering facilities (e.g. authorities, shops, etc.). If the temperature is too high, access will be denied and, under certain circumstances, the state health authority will be informed to initiate further measures. For access to many facilities, hand disinfection with the disinfectant provided there is mandatory.
In vehicles, the occupants must be from the same household, the number of passengers is limited to a maximum of two per row of seats.
The authorities also recommend the use of the Immuni tracing app. For more information, contact the Italian Ministry of Health (Ministero della Salute) on the hotline number that can be dialed from Italy. 1500 available.
Special features in the regions
The individual regions and municipalities in Italy can issue individual rules and restrictions depending on the infection rate. Before entering Sardinia a registration must be made.
Travelers must have proof of registration and a valid identification document with them. In addition, a certificate of a vaccination against COVID-19 or a negative test evidence, which must not be older than 48 hours, is required. If a negative test cannot be presented on entry, it must be made up on entry and compliance with a 10-day quarantine is mandatory. The regional government publishes further information on its website.
- Note the detailed information on the health situation based on data from the ECDC, existing restrictions including quarantine and testing requirements for travelers and mobile coronavirus contact tracking and warning apps on Re-open EU.
- Before departure, find out about the transport and hand luggage regulations for air travel with your airline and, for bus and train trips, about the current travel connections from your transport or tour operator.
- When traveling by car, you can find out more from the Italian Foreign Ministry's FAQ, including in German, on issues relating to change of location, transport and tourism.
- Consult the website of the Italian embassy in Berlin (keyword: Misure adottate in Italia) and use the Immuni tracing app for all your stays.
- Keep yourself informed about current measures from the Italian government.
- Be sure to find out about restrictions and possible registration obligations in the Italian regions before you start your journey.
- Especially when traveling by ferry, remember to bring valid travel documents with you for all travelers, including children of all ages.
- In the event of COVID-19 symptoms or contact with infected people, contact the local health department immediately.
- When returning to Germany, please note the valid entry restrictions such as registration, proof and, if applicable, quarantine regulations, inquire about the current conditions of carriage at the relevant company or your tour operator, and if you are entering from a risk area, contact the health department of your stay or Place of residence. Further information is available in our continuously updated info box on COVID-19 / Coronavirus.
The Italian security authorities have drawn attention to the danger of terrorist attacks in general terms and have strengthened their security measures. An increased threat from terrorism, including at religious sites, cannot be ruled out.
Petty crime such as pickpocketing occurs mainly in tourist centers and on beaches.
With trickery, tourists are caught by hints of an alleged flat tire, bumping into them, for example with soiling of their clothes with ice cream, pizza, etc. distracted and then robbed by accomplices. Especially on the railway lines from Rome-Fiumicino airport to the city center, in the train stations themselves and in buses, especially the lines 40, 62 and 64, more cases have been reported, as well as from all larger cities and their tourist centers, such as the Main train stations in Milan and Naples, busy metro stations and in Naples the bus routes R2, 152 and 202, which connect the center with the train station.
Car break-ins are common. Vehicles and mobile homes with their entire content are stolen again and again. Recently, thefts have also increased near the beach, e.g. in Ostia and Fregene near Rome, as well as break-ins in multi-storey car parks in Milan, especially in the ATM car park near the Lampugnano metro station.
Bags or cameras are snatched from motorized two-wheelers driving by, and so are valuable watches and jewelry in Naples.
- Keep your money, ID, driver's license, air tickets and other important documents safe.
- Prefer cashless payments and only take the cash you need for the day and no unnecessary valuables.
- Be particularly vigilant in large crowds such as at airports, ferry ports, train stations, trains, buses and beaches, and watch out for your valuables.
- Do not carry bags and cameras to the side of the street.
- Avoid wearing valuable watches and jewelry, especially in Naples.
- Do not leave valuables, ID cards and other objects in the car, but open the glove compartment and possibly a trunk cover to show potential burglars that a break-in is not worthwhile.
- Be skeptical of unfamiliar e-mails, profit notifications, offers and requests for help from alleged acquaintances. Do not disclose any data about yourself; if necessary, make sure yourself personally or contact the police.
Nature and climate
Italy lies in a seismically very active zone, which is why earthquakes, some of them severe, are more frequent.
Between August 2016 and January 2017, a series of severe earthquakes with magnitudes between 5.0 and 6.5 in Marche and Umbria resulted in numerous deaths and considerable damage.
Several volcanoes in Italy are always active.
The Phlegraean Fields in Campania are classified as a supervolcano and keep showing changes, which in the past also led to evacuation measures. Vesuvius in the immediate vicinity of Naples last erupted in 1944 and is under observation.
Mount Etna in Sicily is the most active volcano in Europe and, like the Stromboli volcano on the island of the same name, recently exhibited lighter eruptions, some of which have resulted in interruptions in air traffic.
Floods, danger of avalanches, storms
In the north there is a Central European climate, in the center and south a Mediterranean climate.
In the winter months there is often a risk of avalanches and landslides in the mountains of northern Italy.
In the event of a thaw, there is a risk of flooding, especially in northern Italy.
Venice is regularly affected by floods at high tide (Acqua alta), so that some squares and alleys become impassable.
Floods can also occur in Rome after heavy rain.
In the Mediterranean in particular, from August to November there can be occasional heavy autumn storms up to so-called Medicanes. As a result, floods and landslides as well as significant traffic disruptions are possible.
Bush and forest fires
Especially in the summer months in Italy, due to the prevailing climatic conditions, bush and forest fires occur again and again, and as a result, traffic and air quality impairments.
Italy applies the Schengen Agreement, border controls are only to be carried out in exceptional cases. For security reasons, however, travelers by air are increasingly checked on entry and exit, air travel to Germany is usually only possible with a passport / identity card or a passport substitute document issued by the German consular missions in Italy.
- Always carry your identity card or passport with you, even for children.
Infrastructure / traffic
Traffic routes may be impaired due to measures related to COVID-19 containment, see Current.
In addition to a domestic flight network, there are rail and bus connections. There are subways in Rome and Milan. Disabilities in local and long-distance public transport must be expected in the event of strikes.
On August 3, 2020, the new "San Giorgio" bridge in Genoa was officially opened. As part of the A10 motorway, the bridge is the main link to and from the port of Genoa.
Most Italian motorways and many tunnels are toll roads. Milan, Bologna and Palermo all have a city toll. Payment is made in cash, by debit or credit card, a Viacard (e.g. available from automobile clubs) or a Telepass. Information on this is also available from Autostrade per l'Italia.
Italian road traffic is very lively and dense. The rules of the road traffic regulations are not always observed. You should therefore also be particularly careful at green traffic lights or zebra crossings.
In many cities there are driving bans or driving restrictions to reduce air pollution or traffic-calmed zones, so-called ZTL, zone a traffico limitato. Specially marked bus and taxi lanes may not be used by private cars.
The alcohol limit is 0.5, for drivers with less than three years of driving experience or under 21 years of age 0.0.
On motorways and outside built-up areas, it is a legal requirement to carry warning vests in signal colors and to switch on the dipped headlights during the day.
Vehicles entering the district always have the right of way, although this is not always taken into account in practice. In the absence of signs that clearly regulate the right of way, the right-before-left rule applies, as at intersections. Colored markings indicate parking restrictions, only white lines allow free parking.
On many roads in winter it is mandatory to use winter tires (M + S identification), but there is no uniform regulation.
When moving to Italy, vehicles must be re-registered within 60 days, otherwise the vehicle may be confiscated.
Road traffic offenses are punishable by severe penalties. Fines are usually much higher than in Germany and are also collected - if necessary by a debt collection company.
Justified fines can be paid on site, e.g. at the police station. Delivery to the domestic place of residence is associated with a fee surcharge.
- Drive particularly carefully and defensively in the mountains and on roundabouts.
- Find out more about traffic regulations on Comuniverso, for example.
- Pay attention to driving bans in city centers.
- If you are staying for a longer period of time, re-register your vehicle quickly.
- If possible, pay fines on site.
The German driving license is sufficient.
There are no indications of any particular difficulties; acceptance is particularly good in large cities.
In Italy, the most varied violations of public order have recently led to sometimes severe fines and reprimands, and bans should be respected accordingly.
Aid to illegal entry in Italy is punishable by imprisonment and a fine. Particular caution is therefore advised when taking hitchhikers with you.
Italian gun law is strict and complex due to numerous laws and other regulations. In principle, it is prohibited to carry firearms, cutting and stabbing weapons, knives (including small or pocket knives), batons of all kinds, tasers, pepper spray, etc. or only possible with official permission (e.g. European firearms pass) or under strict conditions . Even objects that are not weapons but can be used as such (“armi improprie”, e.g. screwdriver) may be subject to conditions (e.g. adequate / locked storage). Violations can be punished under criminal law.
Further information can be requested from the Carabinieri or the Polizia di Stato.
In Rome, the city administration imposes sometimes draconian penalties to protect the monuments, which can be pronounced, for example, for reaching into the water of the Trevi Fountain or for a picnic on the Spanish Steps. TurismoRoma provides more information.
Bringing sand on the beaches is prohibited in Italy.
In Sardinia, any kind of change to the sandy beaches or the taking of sand, pebbles or quartz rock, even in small amounts, is prohibited by law. Failure to comply with this legal norm will result in sanctions ranging from EUR 500 to EUR 3,000.
Money / credit cards
The upper limit for cash payments in Italy was downgraded from 3,000 euros to 2,000 euros on July 1, 2020. In all of Italy, cash payments are only allowed up to a maximum amount of 1999.99 euros. From January 1, 2022, the maximum limit will be € 1,000.
Tourists are also affected if this z. B. want to settle booked accommodation or rental car bills and the like. Bills that exceed this amount can only be paid by credit card, EC card or bank transfer. For more information, please contact the German embassy in Rome.
Entry and customs
Entry and transit regulations may currently differ due to measures to contain COVID-19, see Current.
Entry and import regulations for German citizens can change at short notice without the Foreign Office being informed beforehand. You can only obtain legally binding information and / or information that goes beyond this information on the entry and customs regulations for importing goods directly from the representatives of your destination country.
You can find the customs regulations for Germany on the website of German customs and via the “Customs and Travel” app, or you can inquire about them by telephone.
Entry is possible for German citizens with the following documents:
- Passport: Yes
- Temporary passport: Yes
- Identity card: Yes
- Provisional identity card: Yes, must be valid
- Children's passport: Yes
Important: For onward travel by ferry from Italian ports, please note that every traveler (including children of all ages) needs a valid travel document.
Comments / minimum remaining validity:
Italy is a party to the European Convention on the Regulation of Passenger Traffic between the member states of the Council of Europe of December 13, 1957. Travel documents other than the temporary identity card must therefore generally have expired no more than one year. However, it is recommended that you only travel to Italy with a valid ID.
Individuals under the age of 15 traveling alone should carry an officially certified declaration of consent from their parents / legal guardians.
The import and export of goods is subject to the provisions of the European Union. The principle of no physical checks does not exclude random checks in the context of police surveillance of borders and police control of cross-border traffic.
When entering and leaving Italy, an amount of cash in excess of 10,000 euros must be declared.
For trips with certain pets (dogs, cats, ferrets) to countries of the European Union with the exception of Ireland, Great Britain, Malta and Finland, where different regulations apply, an EU pet passport is required. He serves among other things. as proof that the animal has been vaccinated against rabies.
The Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture offers a sample ID as well as further information.
The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared the disease COVID-19, which is triggered by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, a pandemic.
In January 2019, WHO declared delaying or skipping vaccinations as a threat to global health. In particular, the lack of vaccination against measles poses a high risk when the number of cases increases internationally.
- As part of your travel preparations, check your and your children's vaccination protection against measles and have this supplemented if necessary.
No compulsory vaccinations are required when entering Italy.
- Make sure that you and your children have the standard vaccinations according to the Robert Koch Institute's vaccination calendar up to date.
- Vaccinations against hepatitis A are recommended as travel vaccinations, and also against hepatitis B for long-term stays or special exposure. A vaccination against hepatitis A is particularly recommended for the southern parts of the country.
- Please note the instructions for use and help for the indication in the travel vaccination recommendations leaflet.
The DTG offers up-to-date, detailed travel vaccination recommendations for specialist groups.
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