Will HGH injections make me look taller?
The growth hormone
In addition to the growth in height in childhood and adolescence and the above-mentioned functions, the growth hormone also has the task of "dividing food". Growth hormones reduce the accumulation of dietary fats (triglycerides) in fat cells by inhibiting the enzyme lipoprotein lipase. In this way, they promote fat loss in order to improve the utilization of free fatty acids (oxidation).
There are regional differences in the fat-reducing effect of growth hormone. The dangerous abdominal fat, which is transported to the periphery by the growth hormone, is broken down more than the subcutaneous fat.
In addition to its well-known anabolic properties, i.e. it builds up body substance, growth hormone also has properties that increase blood sugar levels. The blood sugar level is raised on the one hand by increasing the body's own glucose production while at the same time inhibiting glucose uptake from the blood into the cells, on the other hand by stimulating the protein metabolism.
Most of the effects of growth hormone are transmitted by various mediators, among which IGF-1 (insulin like growth factor-1) plays a special role. The growth hormone causes IGF-1 to be produced in the liver. It causes the levels in the blood to rise. If there are high levels of this metabolic mediator in the body, it can be assumed that there are enough growth hormones in our blood: Without growth hormones, there is no IGF-1.
The exception is lipid metabolism, in which IGF-1 is not involved as a mediator.
The role of growth hormone is very complex and is discussed controversially in the literature. It is known that growth hormone deficiency can lead to excessive body fat. Conversely, an excess of body fat, especially in the area of the abdominal organs (visceral fat), can subsequently be responsible for a low blood level of growth hormone. Both possibilities are shown on the basis of the IGF-1 values. If the IGF-1 level is severely reduced, it must be assumed that there is a primary (originally present) growth hormone deficiency. If you are overweight, the IGF-1 can paradoxically be normal, increased or even slightly decreased in the blood.
Low growth hormone levels usually return to normal as soon as obesity is reduced. A fact that is to be interpreted as a sign of a secondary growth hormone deficiency, i.e. one caused by obesity.
If you want to bring your growth hormone levels back into shape, you are well advised to lose a few pounds. A bonus effect arises when belly fat (abdominal fat) is lost. This also improves the effectiveness of the body's own insulin and the ability to regulate high blood sugar levels.
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