How do MBTI types think

MBTI: The type indicator test in the test

All people are different - but how can something as complex as a person's personality be grasped? Well-known psychologists began to think about it as early as the century before last. Various psychological models try to find out which character typically combines certain characteristics. The MBTI is one of the most famous personality tests. These tests are particularly important in human resources. When it comes to the selection of suitable applicants for a company, not only professional qualifications play a role. The new employee must also harmonize with the other colleagues on a human level. How the MBTI is structured and which tests you can take ...

➠ Content: This is what awaits you

➠ Content: This is what awaits you

MBTI: The background

The abbreviation MBTI hides the name Myers-Briggs type indicator (English: Myers-Briggs type indicator). It is a means of typing people.

The term “Myers-Briggs Test” is often used, but some authors are bothered by the term test because it is less about cemented categories of personality types. Rather, the MBTI measures Inclinations and preferenceswhich can fluctuate depending on the mood of the day or the situation.

The MBTI was created in America, developed by the two psychological laypeople Katharine Cook Briggs and her daughter Isabel Briggs Myers. The starting point of the MBTI was that both could observe in the family how different the personality types of the individual members were.

Through intensive self-study, they familiarized themselves with the theories of the Swiss psychiatrist Carl Gustav Jung. He believed that people were essentially in the world four psychological categories perceive: sensitivity, intuition, feeling and thinking.

In his opinion, outweighs most of the time one of these categories in a person. Based on its typology, Briggs and Myers developed their MBTI:

  • Extraversion (E = extraversion) - introversion (I = introversion): Where do you focus your attention, energy, motivation? The E-Type is more outward-looking, the I-Type is more withdrawn and concentrated.
  • Sensitivity (S = Sensoring) - Intuition (N = INtuition): How do you perceive reality? The S-type is more fact-based, the N-type relies much more on his gut feeling.
  • Thinking (T = Thinking) - Feeling (F = Feeling): How do you make decisions? The D-type is rather sober and relies primarily on logic. When making decisions, he or she is based on facts. The F-Type makes decisions based on certain emotions. He is more sensitive and empathetic.
  • Judging (J = Judging) - Perceiving (P = Perceiving): How do you organize yourself? The J-type tends to make quick decisions and think in fixed clear categories. The P-type, on the other hand, is more flexible and is more likely to adapt to new information.

These characteristics are present in every human being in some form. Anyone who takes an MBTI test will then receive a four-digit letter combination. In this way, 16 personality types are possible.

MBTI test German: procedure not without controversy

It is not easy to complete the MBTI online in German. In Germany are other personality tests more common, namely the Big Five.

The opponents of the MBTI criticize the fact that it does not meet the usual requirements of reliability and validity in psychology. That should be one reason why the MBTI is mainly used in coaching in this country.

In the USA, on the other hand, the MBTI is much better known and is not only used for personnel selection, but is also used in personal areas, for example in schools at the Career orientation or partner counseling.

Even proponents see that above all lack of discussion with the concept in Germany and suitable translations as a problem. And in fact; As Lars Lorber writes on his blog, a verb like sensing (sometimes sensoring is also used) translate as feeling, perceiving and feeling.

But at the same time this is next to verbs like feeling, which can also be translated as feeling and perceivingthat can also mean perceiving. So if you want to do the MBTI and have to deal with unclear terminology right from the start, you could be deterred.

MBTI online: Few German-speaking providers

Who is with a American company or even apply directly in America, can be confronted with the MBTI much more likely than with German companies. This may not least be due to the license structure - if you want to do the original MBTI, you have to pay for it.

  • MBTI from OPP

    The paid MBTI from OPP is one of several products. Various psychometric instruments are offered here along with training courses for companies and local personnel.

    Interested parties can only receive MBTI tools such as Step I and Step II against corresponding conditions. This means that the offer is aimed at qualified MBTI users. A profile evaluation based on the questionnaire from Step I or II costs EUR 33.50, for example.

    Overall, it remains unclear on the German-speaking side which conditions must be met in order to acquire the MBTI. With regard to the target group, the reader only gets more precise details from a subpage. The language style is, however, kept in such a way that private individuals also feel addressed.

  • 16 personalities

    In this free MBTI online test - as the name of the site suggests - 16 personality types are presented. They are divided into four categories such as analysts, diplomats, guards and researchers, which in turn have different focuses.

    A personal profile is created on the basis of 60 questions that have to be answered on a scale from “true” to “disagree”. The MBTI of 16 personalities is short and crisp in the description ("in less than 12 minutes, if possible no neutral answers and always honest"), can be easily clicked through and at the end delivers a very detailed result (including information in percent), what type you tend to be.

    As a gag, prominent personalities who correspond to your personality type are shown at the end. The site is very clearly structured, the MBTI can be completed in a number of languages, including Arabic as well as English and German, but also Hindi or even Kiswahili. Small downer: if you want to deal with the theoretical background in more detail, you should be able to speak English.

  • 16 Basic Patterns of Human Behavior

    The also free MBTI online test from Philognosie has a completely different structure. Interested parties have to decide between an either / or question for 36 questions. At the end, the tester learns which personality type he represents.

    A detailed description and table of the 16 basic patterns of human behavior follows. Other personality types can also be clicked here. The table initially only provides a rough overview. If you are interested in the theoretical basics and also want to know what the abbreviations in the table stand for, you have to click on the link below.

    Here, however, the 16 basic patterns are explained in great detail and in German. Even if the name MBTI is not mentioned, the similarities cannot be overlooked.

  • Jung Typology Test

    The Jung Typology Test is also free of charge and makes it clear right from the start that it is based on the MBTI. On a scale between yes and no or yes and no, those interested have to answer 64 questions in English.

    Of course, the respective answer should be clicked as truthfully and spontaneously as possible. In return, the test promises nothing less than a coherent 4-letter combination including your strengths and preferences. This should give you the opportunity to discover career opportunities according to your type and understand different communication behaviors.

    Finally, it is advertised that the results can still be used for relationship tests according to Jung, so that you can determine to what extent you are in harmony with your long-term partner. The result of your questions is hidden behind various sub-pages, behind which additional evaluations ("Business Use") are sometimes subject to a fee.

    Nevertheless, this MBTI-based test on the pages under "Self-Development" is quite detailed and takes different learning and communication types into account.

  • Type test

    On the Type Test page, readers can find a short version of a free type test. A four-part letter combination is determined on the basis of five by two columns, one of which must be selected in each case.

    This is followed by a clear description, at the end of which the tester is given both fictitious and real personalities who also fall into this personality category. Although the test is based on MBTI, it is a reinterpretation.

    The much more detailed version is advertised in the book. Anyone who is interested in psychological topics in general and wants to find out more about the MBTI will find what they are looking for there.

  • Personality type test

    The personality type test is also one of the free MBTI offers on the Internet. On the basis of 28 questions in which the user has to choose between two statements, a letter code according to Jung, Myers and Briggs is developed here.

    What stands out: This page was obviously not designed by a native German speaker, but probably translated from English. For example, one question gives as a possible answer to a conflict situation: "You plead your tongue until it has calmed down."

    At the end, the user receives the letter code and a rough graphic that shows which letters are particularly pronounced. If you click on the letter code, you will get an overview of famous personalities of the same type. Among them there can be unpleasant ones like dictators - which is almost funny again.

    However, this overview page is completely in English. Interested parties have the opportunity to find out more about other types of MBTI. There is also access to over 100 free articles on psychological topics and all about MBTI - but in English.

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[Photo credit: Karrierebibel.de]

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17th December 2020Author: Jochen Mai

Jochen Mai is the founder and editor-in-chief of the career bible. The author of several books lectures at the TH Köln and is a sought-after keynote speaker, coach and consultant.

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