When was the Byzantine Empire in Greece

Greek History: The Byzantine Period

Byzantine Greece: A Description of Byzantine Greece

The Byzantine Period

Various tribes immigrated to Greece in the 3rd century: the Heruli, the Goths, the Almannen, the Franks, the Vandals and the Sassanians were subject to the Roman army several times in the 3rd century. The Pax Romana began to fall apart. Social and financial problems arose across the empire.

Taxes were raised to enlarge and organize the army. Christianity slowly developed in the empire. St. Paul came to Greece to preach Christianity in AD 51 with his famous "Sermon about an Unknown God". In 305 AD, Constantine became Emperor of the Roman Empire.

He now made Byzantium the capital of the empire, which was named Constantinople. In AD 364 the empire was officially divided; the Roman Empire was divided into two parts: the Roman Empire in the west and the Byzantine Empire in the east. The Roman Empire began to give its place to the Byzantine Empire. Due to the strategic location of Constantinople between the Black Sea and the Aegean Sea, the entire east / west empire was under control. If Constantinople had allowed Christianity, paganism would have continued.

Christianity now took on a material form through a certain architecture as well as religions, mosaics and also hymns and theology arose. By now the west was divided into different empires, and the power of the Roman Empire was clearly moving east.

During the 6th century, Emperor Justinian enlarged the empire by conquering the southern Mediterranean, North Africa and Italy. He organized a central administration and a new financial system.

But the Empire was embroiled in various wars that made it defenseless. Serious threats came from the east and south, with the Islamists, who expanded, the greatest threat. The Islamic forces conquered Egypt, Syria, Iraq, Iran and Afghanistan. Even Constantinople almost fell into the hands of the Muslims. In the 6th and 7th centuries, Slavs invaded the Balkans, but Greek remained the official language and Christianity remained the predominant belief.

In the 9th century the Byzantine Empire was ruled by a Macedonian dynasty who regained Antioch, Syria, Georgia, Armenia, Crete and the Aegean and revived trade. This military success improved the Empire's financial condition. Unfortunately, this period of prosperity did not last long. In the 11th century the Norman army invaded many parts of the Greek territory.

The Turks of Central Asia captured Romanus IV, the first ruler after the fall of the Macedonian dynasty. Greece was divided into different empires ruled by western princes. Venice took control of many parts of Greece. Some architectural remains can still be seen in many places in Greece.

In the 14th century the Ottoman Turks invaded the Balkans and Asia Minor. Constantinople eventually came under the control of the Ottoman Empire, which marked the end of the Byzantine period.