Is Uganda a dangerous country


Cultural identities

The different ethnic groups of Uganda show a great cultural diversity. While the Bambuti and Batwa live as a threatened and discriminated minority in the west of the country, their neighbors, the Batooro organized in a kingdom, in turn, the Bakonjo and Bamba live in the Ruwenzori Mountains and are said to have emigrated from Mount Elgon. Father and son used to use wordless whistling communication when hunting.

While in some ethnic groups it is customary to circumcise young men when they enter adulthood, women are circumcised among the ethnic groups of the Sabiny in the Kapchorwa region and the Pokot and Tepeth in Karamoja. It is not easy to fight these practices effectively unless you know the socio-cultural roots and start there. But more and more often those affected rebel and go public against the cruel ritual. After all, genital mutilation has been banned in Uganda since 2009 and there is a risk of up to 10 years imprisonment for violations. As a result, the ritual is now being carried out by some families in Kenya, hidden in corn fields, and there is no question of hygienic conditions.

A cruel ritual continues to spread: Faith healers kill children, their body parts are supposed to bring health and, above all, financial success for the customers. Uganda's construction boom encourages the cruel practice, because if a building is to be successful, children are buried under it. A special police unit has been tasked with combating the cruel practice for years, but corruption and lack of funds severely limit its work.

The traditional wedding, i.e. the negotiation of the bride price, takes place in different ways in each ethnic group. In Ankole, the brides were (and in some cases still are) fattened with milk until they were fat enough.

For over 600 years, artisans of the Ngonge clan in Buganda have been making a bark cloth, the so-called barkcloth; formerly for the use of the royal family today also for tourist purposes. UNESCO put the rare handicraft on the list of the intangible cultural heritage of mankind.

Uganda's museums

The Uganda Museum was founded in Kampala as early as 1908. To this day it is considered one of the main attractions of Kampala. In addition to ethnological, anthropological and many historical objects, there are also vehicles of the former presidents. The changing exhibitions are interesting. In recent years, however, many smaller cities such as B. Moroto, Kabale or Gulu developed small but sometimes very attractive community museums.

Traditional theater, music, film, art and sports

The most widespread cultural vehicle in Uganda is the theater. The Ndere Dev 'Theater is the first cultural project to be supported by the Austrian Development Cooperation in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Almost every Ugandan ethnic group has its own traditional music, instruments, dances, costumes and lyrics. Some traditional dances are already recognized as Intangible Cultural Heritage by UNESCO. The drum, also called engoma in southwest Uganda, is widespread. Their sound body is often the size of a barrel and covered with cow skin. The xylophone is widespread in central Uganda. The Madi people in the north-west of the country, on the other hand, like to play lyrical music.

However, modern music plays a major role today. Some kids, especially in Kampala, have discovered breakdance and hip hop for themselves. One project is trying to reach marginalized young people.

Uganda's up-and-coming film industry Wakaliwood has recently been producing action films in Kampala's slums with the smallest budget and often pans and exhaust pipes as weapons, with a lot of blood, which is no longer pig's blood, but consists of paint.

Uganda's international film festival Amakulu is taking place again after a break of several years, now entirely under Ugandan management. As a new target group, children are now being addressed with cartoons, because TVs are becoming more and more popular in Uganda and mainly children are sitting in front of them.

A film from Uganda "Call me Kuchu" received the development film award "Cinema fairbindet" in 2012. It has been awarded every year since 2011 by the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation (BMZ) in cooperation with the Berlinale. The film is about the daily difficulties of homosexuals in Uganda.

The oral tradition has played and continues to play a major role in Uganda since ancient times. In the evenings, stories were told from generation to generation by the fire. Today this is still partially taking place, but formal education and modern entertainment are gaining in importance.

In the field of literature, Uganda has some great writers to offer. Okot P'Bitek from Gulu was considered one of the most important poets in Africa. In his pieces "Song of Lawino", "Song of Ocol" and "Two songs" he deals with the contrasts between modernity and tradition. Originally, Moses Isegawa wanted to become a cardinal, but eventually he ended up in the Netherlands. In his work "The Snake Pit" he deals with intrigue and corruption during the Amin regime. The novel "Abyssinian Chronicle" describes a young man from his childhood until he emigrated to Europe, including insights into corruption, nepotism and intra-African ethnic conflicts. Jennifer Nansubuga won the Kwani? 2013 with her family saga Kintu, which begins in pre-colonial Buganda and tries to combine tradition with the modern world. Manuscript price.