Why do cocker spaniels have long ears
Dogs with long ears: floppy ears in a class of their own
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Many dog breeds have a characteristic that makes them particularly distinctive. Dogs with long ears are undoubtedly one of them. Because what would Bassets or Cocker Spaniels be without their extremely long, velvety, floppy ears that flutter in the wind?
Short legs, barrel-shaped, loose skin. You can recognize a basset hound immediately.
But as funny as they look as puppies, bassets are not necessarily easy-going.
You don't see their temperament in them. But of course, like most nose driven hunting dogs, they have their own distinct interests that sometimes compete with the owner's desire for a relaxed walk.
And the figure of the Basset Hound reminds a bit of crooked-legged dachshunds. In recent years, fashion breeding has turned the once persistent hunting dog into a small roller with ears that are perhaps a bit too long.
I mean, tripping over his headdress on a regular basis is a little bit then too much.
But despite all requests for changes to the body, the floppy ears are simply part of the basset hound. The FCI standard even stipulates that the ears should only start below the eye line and protrude beyond the muzzle.
Related hunting dogs like that Basset bleu de Gascony or the Grand Basset Griffon Vendéen ears that are hardly any less long, but are not quite as extremely lowered.
If you think of long ears in dogs, then of course that first comes to mind Cocker spaniel a.
The curly floppy ears and the gentle facial expression are certainly to blame for the fact that you can quickly fall in love with the look of these former working dogs.
And Cocker Spaniels are the namesake for the "Cocker bowl": This is a particularly tall bowl shape that is intended to prevent that the ears hang in the food when eating!
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Working cocker spaniels became English Cocker spaniel as well as the lesser known Field Spaniel bred. And these in turn became the more compact and woolly one in the United States American Cocker Spaniel developed.
The English Cocker Spaniels have significantly longer hangings compared to their still working cousins of the original type. But they all have curls on their ears.
As cute as they look, spaniels are spirited.
They had to bring perseverance and the willingness to work for their former field of activity as a poking dog., You can still see that today.
Small spaniels with big ears
In addition to the large spaniels, there are also the small ones Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. His ears cannot be overlooked either.
These miniature spaniels are quite handy and weigh a maximum of 8 kg. If one pays attention to breeding with healthy parent animals, the little companion dogs are considered to be docile housemates.
Only that is even smaller continental dwarf spaniel. Everyone knows Papillons with their huge butterfly ears. But the second variety that is made up by lop ears is relatively unknown: The Phalene (freely translated: moth).
The big work spaniels
The Welsh Springer Spaniel and the slightly bigger one English Springer Spaniel.
The latter can occasionally be seen in dog sports in this country. All spaniels have a passion for hunting, but Springer Spaniels are also extremely lively and easy to train.
Ear lengths that are not to be despised can also be seen in rare ones Sussex Spaniel. Sussex Spaniels are sturdy hunting dogs that are only bred to have a brown coat.
A little word about the so-called "Water spaniels„:
The name is misleading. It cannot be completely ruled out that these are extremely rare in Germany American Water Spaniel and Irish Water Spaniel sometimes a spaniel was involved.
It is more likely, however, that the ancestors of these long-eared waterhounds were poodles and setters (we'll get to them in a moment).
Either way, water spaniels definitely have long ears with a lot of fluff. Here is an excerpt from the breeding standard of the Irish Water Spaniel:
Very long, lobed ear leather. Set low, hanging quite close to the cheeks, covered by long, twisted locks of hair. - FCI Standard No. 124: Irish Water Spaniel
Pretty much everyone knows the deep redIrish setter.
Setters emerged from British working spaniels, pointers, and other pointing dogs.
Gradually, regional varieties and colors developed through targeted breeding in the 19th century. These were finally separated as separate breeds by breeding.
The Irish setterwho have favourited piebalds Irish Red-and-White Setterwho have favourited stippled English setter and the Scottish Gordon Setter are basically cousins. What they all have in common is that their ears are quite long compared to other dogs.
Setters are also hunting dogs and need a lot of activity and exercise. They are considered to be robust, healthy working dogs with a keen interest in hunting activity. That doesn't make them particularly suitable as city and apartment dogs. But they are still nice to look at, I think.
Bloodhounds or Bloodhounds have some of the longest ears you will find in dogs!
The bloodhound "Tigger“Is even the current record holder in the Guiness Book. His ears measure a proud 34.9 and 34.2 cm. Yes, dogs don't always grow symmetrically either.
Such tripping hazards are certainly not practical for a dog that is supposed to search for tracks with its nose low on the ground.
So really extremely long ear flaps will probably only be found in show dogs.
Bloodhounds were bred together with the forerunners of some of the other known bloodhound turfs (“sweat” is the hunter's word for “blood”) in the monastery of St. Hubert in the Ardennes, hence their second name “Chien de Saint Hubert” or “St. Hubertus dog ”.
Animals exported to England were then simply christened "Bloodhound". Bloodhounds were also used to hunt packs before they were used as tracking dogs. Nevertheless, they are considered meek and level-headed.
Relatives of the bloodhound
Breeds in which at one point a bloodhound played a part in breeding can usually be seen very closely by their long ears. The relatives include, for example Hanoverian and Bavarian Mountain Dog.
Another relative is the shaggy British Otterhound.
Never heard? No wonder, otter hunting is now banned and these dogs are so rare that they are on the endangered dog breeds list even in the UK.
With long-eared dogs, you don't necessarily think about it first poodle. But the FCI standard actually mentions that the ears of the poodle may well reach over the corners of the mouth if you put them forward.
Certainly the ears often look longer than they actually are due to the hairstyle. And it's actually not just the ear length that adds to the long-eared look here. Poodle ears start far to the side of the skull and are very wide and heavy in the middle.
Barbet and Doodles
In Doodles you can often see clearly that they have the long ears of their poodle ancestors. And also the one closely related to the poodle Barbethas no less long ears under the wool:
Big ears don't do so well in headwinds. The absolute majority of all greyhounds therefore have relatively small ears that are tilted to the side.
And then there is Salukis and Afghanswith extra long ear plush.
Even with the Dachshund varieties you can find small ear wonders here and there.
Here, besides the wart, the ears are just not the most prominent body feature, which is why it is often not remembered.
Coonhounds are largely unknown in Europe. That is also logical, because their job is guard bears (raccoons) to track down and hunt trees.
Local varieties have names such as "Redbone Coonhound"Or"Bluetick Coonhound„.
The Black and Tan Coonhound is recognized by the FCI as a dog breed, the other lofts are not. What they all have in common, however, are their ludicrously long dog ears.
In 2012 was "Harbor“, One such Black and Tan Coonhound, front runner in the long-eared doggy class (before bloodhound Tigger replaced him).
An extra tip for those who haven't had enough:
A really great tool to search for dog breeds is the picture board of the domestic dogs on Wikipedia with over 400 pictures.
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