22 Things You Most Likely Didn't Know About Jotiba Phule
Shivaji killed Afzal Khan (general of Ali Adil Shah II) while meeting. .. Savarkar V. Ranade Mahatma Gandhi Jyotirao Phule (fight caste oppression) Shri Mass demonstrations before Duke of Connaught & Prince of tankekraft.info at www. Social reformer Savitribai Phule was present at Hari Raoji Chiplunkar's . Duke of Connaught and Strathearn - HRH The Prince Arthur, the first Duke of Connaught to meet with secretary of state Lord John Morley, Gokhale would help during. In this website of the great social reformer - Mahatma Phule, contempory of KARL It was in this school that he met Sadashiv Ballal Govande, a Brahmin, who . He requested the Duke of Connaught who was a grandson of Queen Victoria to.
By now, Congress was split, Gokhale and Tilak were the leaders of the moderates. Tilak was an advocate of civil agitation and direct revolutionto overthrow the British Empire, as a result, the Congress Party split into two wings and was largely robbed of its effectiveness for a decade.
The two sides would later patch up their differences in following Gokhales death, for Gokhale, true political change in India would only be possible when a new generation of Indians became educated as to their civil and patriotic duty to their country and to each other.
Undeterred by such opposition, Gokhale would work directly with the British throughout his career to further his reform goals.
InGokhale was elected to the Bombay Legislative Council and he was elected to the Imperial Council of the Governor-General of India on 20 Decemberand again on 22 May as non-officiating member representing Bombay Province. He later served in the Imperial Legislative Council after its expansion in and he there obtained a reputation as extremely knowledgeable and contributed significantly to the annual budget debates.
Gokhale developed so great a reputation among the British that he was invited to London to meet with secretary of state Lord John Morley, Gokhale would help during his visit to shape the Morley-Minto Reforms introduced in He was the engineer responsible for the construction of the Krishna Raja Sagara dam in Mysore as well as the chief designer of the flood protection system for the city of Hyderabad.
His father was a noted Sanskrit scholar and his ancestors hailed from a village named Mokshagundam. Visvesvaraya lost his father at the age of 12 and he enrolled for the primary school in Chikballapur and attended high school in Bangalore. He implemented an extremely intricate system of irrigation in the Deccan area and he also designed and patented a system of automatic weir water floodgates that were first installed in at the Khadakvasla Reservoir near Pune.
These gates were employed to raise the flood level of storage in the reservoir to the highest level likely to be attained without causing any damage to the dam. Based on the success of these gates, the system was installed at the Tigra Dam in Gwalior.
In —07, the government of India sent him to Aden to study their water supply, the project prepared by him was implemented in Aden successfully. Visvesvaraya achieved celebrity status when he designed a flood protection system for the city of Hyderabad and he was instrumental in developing a system to protect Visakhapatnam port from sea erosion.
Visvesvaraya supervised the construction of the KRS Dam across the Kaveri River from concept to inauguration and this dam created the biggest reservoir in Asia when it was built. Visvesvaraya gave his valuable technical advice for the location of Mokama Bridge over Ganga in Bihar and his age was more than 90 years when he undertook this work. He encouraged private investment in the industry during his tenure as Diwan of Mysore and he was instrumental in charting out the plan for road construction between Tirumala and Tirupati.
He was known for sincerity, time management and dedication to a cause, the Bangalore Press and the Mysore Bank were established during his tenure. A very important part of his nature was his love for his mother tongue and he set up the Kannada Parishat for the upliftment of Kannada 3.
Fergusson College — Fergusson College is a degree college in western India, situated in the city of Pune. It was founded in by the Deccan Education Society and was the first privately governed college in India, Professor Vaman Shivram Apte was the first principal of the college. Social reformer, journalist, thinker and educationist Gopal Ganesh Agarkar served as the principal of the college from August till his death in June The college is named after Scottish born Sir James Fergusson, the Governor of Bombay, sincethe college has been under the jurisdiction of the University of Pune.
The college has two sections, The Junior Wing of the college is for graduating from school. Courses are offered in Arts and Science streams, at the end of students may appear for the Higher-Secondary State Certificate examination. The college also offers doctoral and vocational programs, Fergusson College is known for its close association with Indian politics. Its founders were amongst the pioneers of the Indian National Congress, as well as Hindu Nationalism, the college has produced, amongst several ministers and legislators, two Indian Prime Ministers.
Fergusson college was among the 19 colleges to get a tag by the central government. The college will receive the financial help grom UGC for the conservation of campus, the acre campus of the college is located in the heart of the city. It provides athletic and cultural facilities, as well as facilities for more than six hundred students. After the Revolt ofIndian luminaries of that saw a pressing need to modernise the education system to fight against British imperialism by democratic means.
His pioneering work in fields like education, agriculture, caste system, women and widow upliftment and removal of untouchability is remarkable. Here is a bit of his story! Various kinds dirty work was assigned to him. One day he had a clash with one of the Brahmin Kulkarni who used to be the officer in the village. Brahmin Kulkarni harassed the great grandfather of Jotiba and made his life worse and impossible to live peacefully in the village.
22 Things You Most Likely Didn’t Know About Jotiba Phule
So, one night he slew the Brahmin Kulkarni and fled for his life and settled in Puna district. Ok, I leave it to you to decide. Maybe Dr Ambedkar would have but Jotiba Phule prepared the ground for him to flourish. Jotiba Phule had taught his wife and started schools for the untouchables by the age of 22!
Inwhen he was 22 years old, he left the home with the wife because of the oath taken to educate the Shudras. By the age of 22, he was very well known not only throughout Pune but also in London! Court of Directors, London had acknowledged his work. Jotiba Phule opposed the practice of donating money to Brahmins in Dakshina by the British government. Inthe amount of Dakshina was around Rs.
Jotiba Phule, 22 years old, stood against this practice and demanded that the money should be allocated for the education of untouchables. Jyotirao's marriage was celebrated when he was not even thirteen. Education Impressed by Jyotirao's intelligence and his love for knowledge, two of his neighbours, one a Muslim teacher and another a Christian gentleman persuaded his father Govindrao to allow him to study in a secondary school.
It was in this school that he met Sadashiv Ballal Govande, a Brahmin, who remained a close friend throughout his life. Moro Vithal Valvekar and Sakharam Yashwant Paranjapye were two other Brahmin friends of Jyotirao who in later years stood by him in all his activities.
After completing his secondary education inJyotirao decided not to accept a job under the Government. Source of Inspiration An incident in made him aware of the qualities of the caste system, the predominant position of the Brahmins in the social set up.
He was invited to attend a wedding of one of his Brahmin friends. As the bridegroom was taken in a procession, Jyotirao accompanied him along with the relatives of his Brahmin friend. Knowing that Jyotirao belonged to the Mali caste which was considered to be inferior by the Brahmins, the relatives of the bridegroom insulted and abused him. Jyotirao left the procession and returned home. With tears in his eyes, he narrated his experience to his father who tried to pacify him.
After this incident Jyotirao made up his mind to defy the caste-system and serve the Shudras and women who were deprived of all their rights as human beings under the caste-system. Social Life Education of women and the lower caste, he believed, deserved priority.
Hence at home he began educating his wife Savitribai and open girl's school in August The orthodox opponents of Jyotirao were furious and they started a vicious campaign against him.
He refused to be unnerved by their malicious propaganda. As no teacher dared to work in a school in which untouchables were admitted as students, Jyotirao asked his wife to teach the girls in his school. Stones and brickbats were thrown at her when she was on her way to the school. The reactionaries threatened Jyotirao's father with dire consequences if he did not dissociate himself from his son's activities. Yielding to the pressure, Jyotirao's father asked his son and the daughter-in-law to leave his house as both of them refused to give up their noble endeavour.
Though the school had to be closed for sometime due to lack of funds, Jyotirao re-opened it with the help of his Brahmin friends -Govande and Valvekar.
Ardeshir Dalal | Revolvy
On 3rd July,he founded a girls' school in which eight girls were admitted on the first day. Steadily the number of students increased. Savitribai taught in this school also and had to suffer a lot because of the hostility of the orthodox people. Jyotirao opened two more girls' schools during In a memorial addressed to the Education Commission popularly known as the Hunter Commission inhe described his activities in the field of education - 'A year after the institution of the female school I also established an indigenous mixed school for the lower classes, especially the Mahars and Mangs.
Two more schools for these were subsequently added. I continued to work and whereas them for nearly nine to ten years. He argued that 'a good deal of their poverty, their want of self-reliance, their entire dependence upon the learned and intelligent classes' could be attributed to the 'deplorable state of education among the peasantry'. He blamed the British Government for spending profusely a large portion of revenue on the education of the higher classes.
According to him, this policy resulted in the virtual monopoly of all the higher offices under the Government by the Brahmins. Jyotirao boldly attacked the stranglehold of the Brahmins, who prevented other from having access to all the avenues of knowledge and influence.
He denounced them as cheats and hypocrites. He asked the masses to resist the tyranny of the Brahmins. All his writings were variations on this theme. His critics made fun of his ignorance of grammar and philology, his inelegant language and far-fetched interpretations of India history and the ancient texts.
They brushed his criticism aside by saying that he was merely echoing what the Christian missionaries had said about the Indian society in general and Brahmins in particular. The established scholars in his time did not take Phule's arguments seriously. His critics did not realise that Jyotirao's acrimonious criticism was basically a spontaneous outburst of a genuine concern for the equal rights of human beings.
Emotionally he was so deeply involved in his work that he could not make a dispassionate analysis and take a detached view of the social forces. Jyotirao's deep sense of commitment to basic human values made it difficult for his to restrain himself when he witnessed injustice and atrocities committed in the name of religion by those who were supposed to be its custodians.