France–Germany relations - Wikipedia
German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schäuble, and French Minister of the Economy, Bruno Le Maire, met in Berlin on 22 May, one week after. The relationship between these two neighboring countries is radically different in the 21st century than it was in either of the two preceding centuries. Napoleonic. The French European Department was of a Franco-German economic and.
Any lingering harmony collapsed inwhen Germany took an aggressively hostile position to French claims to Morocco. There was talk of war and France strengthened its ties with Britain and Russia. First World War[ edit ] Main articles: It is captioned with an 18th-century quote: In the chief pressure group was the Parti colonial, a coalition of 50 organizations with a combined total of members.
International relations — The Allied victory saw France regain Alsace-Lorraine and briefly resume its old position as the leading land power on the European continent.
France and Germany going through a rough patch – tankekraft.info
France was the leading proponent of harsh peace terms against Germany at the Paris Peace Conference. Since the war had been fought on French soil, it had destroyed much of French infrastructure and industry, and France had suffered the highest number of casualties proportionate to population. Much French opinion wanted the Rhineland, the section of Germany adjoining France and the old focus of French ambition, to be detached from Germany as an independent country; in the end they settled for a promise that the Rhineland would be demilitarized, and heavy German reparation payments.
On the remote Eastern end of the German Empire, the Memel territory was separated from the rest of East Prussia and occupied by France before being annexed by Lithuania.
To alleged German failure to pay reparations under the Treaty of Versailles inFrance responded with the occupation of the Rhineland and the industrial Ruhr area of Germany, the center of German coal and steel production, until Locarno treaties of [ edit ] Main article: Locarno Treaties In late German foreign minister Gustav Stresemann made his highest priority the restoration of German prestige and privileges as a leading European nation. French withdrawal from the occupation of the Ruhr was scheduled for Januarybut Stresemann sensed that France was very nervous about its security and might cancel the withdrawal.
He realized that France deeply desired a British guarantee of its postwar borders, but that London was reluctant. Stresemann came up with a plan whereby all sides would get what they wanted through a series of guarantees set out in a series of treaties.
British Foreign Minister Austen Chamberlain enthusiastically agreed. France realized that its occupation of the Ruhr Had caused more financial and diplomatic damage that was worth, went along with the plan. The conference of foreign ministers they convened in the Swiss resort of Locarno and agreed on a plan. The first treaty was the most critical one: The second and third treaties called for arbitration between Germany and Belgium, and Germany and France, regarding future disputes.
The fourth and fifth were similar arbitration treaties between Germany and Poland, and Germany and Czechoslovakia. Poland especially, and Czechoslovakia as well, felt threatened by the Locarno agreements and these treaties were attempts to reassure them.
Thanks to the Dawes plan, Germany was now making regular reparations payments. With one commissioner per member state, the European commission cannot be an executive body; our heads of state don't want the president of the European council to lead; and a federal EU is unlikely in view of the current economic and political balance of power within the union.
So we are left, as always, with the Franco-German partnership. France still hasn't digested Germany's reunification, and Germany has always distrusted the patronising volatility of the grande nation.
This is not surprising. A number of things divide France and Germany — from geography to collective historical memory, culture and constitutional structure to economic policies and a different attitude towards globalisation.
The necessity to ensure peace and the will to advance European unification have been the only real cement.
In addition, Germany was confined to an inferior status for 40 years: Now the context has fundamentally changed. The US is retreating, Russia remains unpredictable, and China's weight is increasing. Bork, who works for an international company, has been living in Paris with his family for eight years. After an initial period which you spend as a tourist trying to adapt to the city, he says, "savoir vivre" becomes part of your daily life, and you become part of the French work environment - which can be quite different from what you know from Germany: That's something, Bork says, that Germans can learn from the French.
France and Germany must rebuild their relationship, for the good of Europe
Caro, on the other hand, says what she appreciates about working in Germany is how open contact between colleagues is, and that there is structured communication, and a well-organized work environment. She believes she herself is still rather French in that respect - her work, she says, is characterized by short-term orientation and spontaneous decision-making. Is that what makes the difference: Christiane Deussen, director of the Maison Heinrich Heine in Paris, believes this judgment is too general and vague.
Germans do tend to be more reliable and more pedantic in their work, she says, and the French are more spontaneous.
But that doesn't mean that Germans are more efficient overall. Christiane Deussen points out that it's the differences between Germans and French that gets many things going, especially in Europe: But that wasn't always the case. The Franco-German relationship has many layers - and it's emerged from some historic turbulences. And so our relationship has grown very deep over the years," Celine Caro believes.
- The Franco-German relationship is key to strengthening the European Union
- France and Germany going through a rough patch
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Both countries, she says, at some point understood that they were "better off together than apart.