well as the development of harmonious economic relations between the EU and Russia. The Partnership and Cooperation. Russian–European relations are the international relations between the European Union (EU) and its largest bordering state, Russia, to the east. The relations. This report analyses the ramifications of and short-to-medium-term prospects for relations between the EU and Russia. It is structured around.
The Union constantly needs to balance between constructive engagement e.
Meanwhile, individual Member States continue to pursue bilateral policies based on their individual interests. The Donbass war and Minsk agreements The Donbass war is entering its fifth year and continues to claim casualties, hinder EU relations with Russia and thwart stability in Ukraine. In that way, Moscow tests EU commitment to restoring peace, which it considers weak. Yet, the absence of this issue on the EU-wide agenda makes momentum in the peace process dependent on individual countries, who can be preoccupied by domestic political priorities, such as is now the case in Germany as a result of its elections outcomes.
European leaders should thereby make clear to Moscow that this is also for its own benefit. After all, the prospect of carrying the costs of yet another separatist region led by semi-criminal nationalists primarily interested in rent-seeking from Moscow is not a rosy one for the Kremlin. In addition to the sanctions imposed by the EU and the United States, which continue to directly damage the Russian economy, the harm to its international status and relations with the West might lead Russia to acknowledge its interest in settlement, and agree to a wider mandate than initially proposed.
Geopolitical concerns lead Poland, the Baltic states and Finland to support strict sanctions, with Germany, the United Kingdom, Sweden and Denmark aligning with these hardliners. Economic ties with Russia, but also the geopolitical risks Moscow poses, splits Bulgaria, Romania, Slovakia, the Czech Republic and Slovenia internally.
- What Remains of the Relationship between Russia and the European Union
Member States that have stronger economic and political ties with Russia and oppose the prolongation of sanctions are Italy, Hungary, Austria, Greece and Cyprus. A last group of Member states is formed by countries less economically connected to and geographically more distant from Russia, comprising Malta, Ireland, Luxembourg and Belgium.
Some developments would suggest so.
Austria and the Czech Republic have in the past year seen electoral successes of right-wing parties more strongly connected to Russia.
In the more critical Member States such as Hungary, the sanctions are increasingly considered ineffective while at the same time economically harming the EU itself given the countermeasures from Russia. The broader impact of EU sanctions has been to contribute to curb the war in the Donbass and prevent Russia from escalating the conflict further.
EU-Russia Relations in the New Putin Era – ICDS
It should thereby signal in the run-up to a UN Security Council decision that the installment of a comprehensive UN peacekeeping mission in the Donbass would be the best way forward to achieve such progress.
However, the approaches of the two sides are irreconcilable. Russia does not even see itself as a party to the conflict. Moscow is in favour of improving relations with the European Union, as it believes that further deterioration is not in the interests of any of the parties.
RIAC :: What Remains of the Relationship between Russia and the European Union
This includes cooperation in science, culture, education and academic exchanges. Liberalizing the visa regime would contribute to greater mobility and success in this area, but it is highly unlikely in the foreseeable future given the current political climate.
When states experience difficulties in their official relations, non-governmental channels are often used to maintain a dialogue — non-profit organizations, analytical centres, contacts among academic institutions and scientists, expert dialogues, etc. The political situation could very well change at some point in the future, which is why it makes sense now to work out a strategy for cooperation if and when that does happen, at least at the expert level. Russian experts and members of the political community support the idea of cooperation between the European Union and the Eurasian Economic Union EAEUseeing it as a niche area of interaction with the participation of Russia and the European Union.
However, European experts and EU officials have expressed their concerns that the EAEU is not a purely economic integration association. At the political level, the reaction is more restrained. The Global Strategy for the Foreign and Security Policy of the European Union states that the European Union supports regional integration and is prepared to cooperate with regional associations.
However, the Eurasian Economic Union is not named as one of those associations.
EU-Russia Relations in the New Putin Era
EU officials complain that the interests and positions of the EAEU member countries are not aligned, which makes it difficult to cooperate with it as an association. At the same time, attempts have been made to cooperate with the Eurasian Economic Union at the technical level. It is probably best in this situation to work out issues of interaction at the level of track one and a half diplomacy beforehand, involving representatives from interested EU and EAEU countries in the process.
Russia and the European Union have common interests with regard to China. Of course, this set of initiatives is not enough for a full-fledged cooperation agenda, but it is a niche for interaction during the crisis in the relations between Russia and the West.
Limited interaction between Russia and the European Union is evident against the background of a rapidly changing world, the growing threat of terrorism and extremism, the conflict in the Middle East, the technological revolution in the military sphere, the growing threats in cyberspace and the significant changes in the foreign policy of the United States under the Donald Trump administration, which has seen the country increasingly becoming a factor of instability and unpredictability in global politics.
It is in the interests of both Russia and the European Union to come together to resolve these issues, as well as many others, in a coordinated fashion.