Saudi-Iran relations: story behind a clash of regional leadership | Asia Times
Saudi Arabia and Iran - two powerful neighbours - are locked in a ally of Iran, though paradoxically it also retains a close relationship with. The Islamic Republic of Iran and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia have no diplomatic relations following an attack on the Saudi embassy in Tehran in January As Banafsheh Keynoush argues in his book Saudi Arabia and Iran: Friends or Foes?, “the Saudi-Iranian political relations began to.
Saudi-Iran relations: story behind a clash of regional leadership
He was accompanied by his senior national security adviser, Hassan Rouhanithe future president. The visit paved the way for even closer ties, including trips by senior Iranian leaders to Saudi Arabia and the breakthrough security pact on "terrorism" and drug trafficking. Tehran-based journalist Rohollah Faghihi, who interviewed Rafsanjani intold Al Jazeera that the late president spoke fondly of his ties with Saudi leaders, and still expressed hopes for diplomatic revival between the two countries until his death in Analysts say the ongoing war of words between Tehran and Riyadh portends more hostilities, with no diplomatic solutions in sight.
At the Arab League Summit in Riyadh on Sunday, Saudi Arabia led the condemnation of what it called Iran's "blatant interference" in the internal affairs of Arab countries. That suspicion became reality when the US invasion thrust Iraq into the Iranian sphere of influence, leaving its own ally, Saudi Arabia, feeling vulnerable.Why Do Saudi Arabia And Iran Hate Each Other?
How influential has Saudi Arabia been on Trump? And despite the Shia-Sunni tensions in Bahrain inAhmadinejad made another trip to Riyadh in In the same year, Iran signed a nuclear deal with world powers. Obama's departure and the arrival of his predecessor, Donald Trump, inhowever, provided Riyadh to regain its footing as the dominant power in the Middle East, Zweiri told Al Jazeera.
Balancing Act: Russia between Iran and Saudi Arabia | Middle East Centre
As president, Trump made his first foreign trip to Saudi Arabia. He said that amid Iran's promise of detente, many Arab countries wonder, "what Iranian troops, funds, weapons, surrogates, technology In the aftermath of Nimr's execution, Iranians attacked the Saudi embassy in Tehran, leading to the latest rupture in their diplomatic ties.
MBS and his harsh rhetoric against Iran 2: Both MBS and Jubeir have said Iran is to blame for most of the conflicts in the region, and described Tehran as a "state-sponsor of terrorism". Thus, they believe any engagement will be tantamount to acquiescence of Iran's regional status and role," Toossi told Al Jazeera. He said efforts by Iran's President Rouhani and his foreign minister, Javad Zarif, to reach out to Riyadh have been rebuffed.
Why Saudi Arabia and Iran are bitter rivals
Moscow sells arms to Tehran, but it is also willing to sell arms to Riyadh. Moscow has completed a nuclear reactor for Iran and is willing to build it more but is also willing to build nuclear reactors for Saudi Arabia.
- Iran and Saudi Arabia 'unlikely' to pivot back to diplomacy
- Balancing Act: Russia between Iran and Saudi Arabia
Russian petroleum firms have long been active in Iran and seek to increase their involvement in Saudi Arabia. Moscow, though, cannot completely compartmentalise its relations with Tehran and Riyadh since the Saudi—Iranian rivalry is actively being played out in other countries in the region, including Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Yemen and Bahrain.
But Moscow has not allied so closely with Iran in other conflict situations.
Why Saudi Arabia and Iran are bitter rivals - BBC News
In Yemen, Moscow recognises the Hadi government which is supported by Saudi Arabia, but also has good relations with its Iranian-backed Houthi opponents as well as its UAE-backed southern ones.
But far from posing a problem for Moscow, the Saudi—Iranian rivalry has actually been useful to Russia in the sense that it has motivated both Riyadh and Tehran to court it more actively than may have been the case otherwise. This dynamic could well change though, if the Saudi—Iranian rivalry boiled over into open conflict between the two. If this occurred, the US probably under any president, but especially under Trump is highly likely to actively side with Saudi Arabia against Iran.
This could lead to a situation in which Moscow could no longer retain good relations with both sides. But if Moscow attempted to remain neutral, this could make it look unreliable both to Iran and other governments seeking Russian support against the US. It could even conceivably result in Iran concluding, like Sadat, that since Moscow could not or would not enable it to prevail militarily against its American-backed opponent, then rapprochement with the US as a means of restraining that opponent is a preferable option.
Still, while Moscow has benefited from the Saudi—Iranian rivalry resulting in both Riyadh and Tehran courting Moscow, Russia does not want their rivalry to escalate into an open conflict that poses difficult choices for Russia which Putin would prefer not to be confronted with.