Are immigrants important
How good that there are so many immigrants
On a subject as complex as migration, hypotheses can sometimes help you understand reality. Without immigration and with constant labor force participation, the labor supply in Germany would decrease by around 40 percent by 2050. A frightening scenario with a clear statement: Germany needs migration in order to survive economically.
Industry is already dependent on immigration to remain competitive. Most of the companies confirm that intercultural skills are indispensable. Skilled workers from abroad can help to successfully open up new markets. Also in the area of innovation, a strong driving force of the German economy, it is only desirable that more and more foreign researchers come to Germany. Measured against the share of registered patents, highly qualified immigrants have a positive influence on the innovative strength of companies.
Germany is in a race against time
But it's not just about new ideas, languages and contacts that bring other cultures to Germany for the benefit of the economy. Due to the demographic decline in the working population in the Federal Republic of Germany, labor migration is the most important measure to cope with the labor and skilled labor shortage. Immigrants, for example, are already a mainstay of the medical care system and are particularly important when it comes to nursing care. This needs to be expanded further in the next few years. The Federal Statistical Office estimates that the number of people in need of care will increase by almost 30 percent by 2020.
Germany is one of the OECD countries with the fewest restrictions on the migration of skilled workers. But although permanent immigration has increased recently, it is not enough to offset the effects of demographic change on the labor market. So far, more than three quarters of net immigration to Germany has come from the countries of the European Economic Area. The catch: the processes of aging and shrinking take place in almost all European countries. Young, qualified EU citizens who are not tied to their home country are therefore increasingly in demand.
In order to mitigate the consequences of demographic change, Germany must make an effort to also attract skilled workers from non-EU countries. Politicians are making efforts - the new Recognition Act, for example, is intended to better recognize qualifications obtained abroad - but implementation is generally slow. This shows the number of highly skilled migrants who are employed below their means.
The prevailing image of the unskilled migrant is refuted by reality
New immigrants are on average better qualified today than the working population in Germany as a whole. For example, 43 percent of new immigrants have a tertiary education, compared to only 26 percent of the native population. In addition, the proportion of university graduates among immigrants has risen from 23 to 43 percent within nine years.
Germany has recognized that it is a country of immigration and the benefits for the Federal Republic are obvious. But what about the motivation of the migrants? Reasons - such as the social market economy, peace in the country and the opportunity to develop freely thanks to democracy - are perhaps obvious. But they cannot be proven. In order to understand which factors motivate immigration and promote integration, comprehensive and understandable analyzes are required, on the basis of which political decisions can also be made. But these are still missing today. The successful integration in Germany unfortunately has a drastic disadvantage: it is not noticeable.
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