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Muhammad, the Messenger of God

Prophets are messengers from God who receive and preach divine messages. They are mediators of the revelations of God.
Muhammad (peace be upon him) is the last messenger of God. God revealed his word, the Koran, to him within 23 years. He is a role model for the Muslims. His sayings, his behavior and ways of life were recorded by his companions and passed down as so-called prophetic traditions (hadis).

Childhood and adolescence:

Muhammad (F.s.ü.i.) was born around the year 571 AD in Mecca on the Arabian Peninsula and belonged to the Quraish tribe. His descent goes back to the prophet Ishmael, the son of Abraham and Hagar. The Prophet lost his father Abdullah and his mother Amina early. As an orphan, he grew up first with his grandfather Abd’al-Muttalib and later with his uncle Abu Talib.

Idolatry (polytheism) was very common in Mecca at the time. The social living conditions there were bad and cruel.

Even before his mission from God, the Prophet developed into a trustworthy personality for his environment and fellow human beings and was accordingly given the nickname "Muhammed el-Amin" (Muhammad the Trustworthy). Everyone entrusted him with his most valuable items that he could not give to anyone else. God chose him to be his last prophet and prepared him for his great task. He was considered a flawless, flawless personality and was immune from sin.

Around the age of 25, the Prophet married Khadidja, for whom he already had trade relations. They had two sons and four daughters together.

Revelation and Message:

At the age of 40 (610 AD) he received the first revelation of God through the angel Gabriel on Mount Nur. He withdrew there several times to reflect on the immoral way of life in his society before he was awarded the Divine Mission.

Verse by verse, section by section, God the Most Merciful completed His revelation in 23 years. The first statement of God's revelation to his messenger read:

"Read, in the name of your Lord who created,
He made man out of a clot of blood.
Read, for your Lord is the most benevolent,
Who taught by the pen,
taught man what he did not know. ”[Koran 96 / 1-2].

With these divine words his prophethood began and the world could now look forward to the mercy of God: “We only sent you as a mercy for all worlds”. [Quran: 21/107.]

The universal message that God preached to people through his Messenger was supposed to change society. So it came to justice among people and to turning away from evil. His message particularly emphasized high moral values ​​and justice. This becomes clear in Sura 68 verse 4 of the Koran: "And you certainly have high moral qualities".

The Prophet himself said: “I was sent to perfect high, noble character traits.” So we inherited prophetic values ​​such as gentleness, peaceableness and tolerance. Another quality of the Prophet was to be meek (halim). The source of its morality and tolerance is the Koran.

Tolerance and humanity:

Both in the scriptures and in the works of the philosophers and the wise, the term "tolerance" appears and represents the Character trait par excellence. The tradition of tolerance finds its acceptance and continuation also in the spirituality and piety of Islam.
So God and the Prophet of Islam recommended mutual tolerance to all people. Therefore, a Muslim should treat people who think differently and those of different faiths kindly and respect their attitudes and opinions. We read about this in the Koran:

"Your faith to you, my faith to me." (109/6)

So the Prophet himself practiced these values ​​and advised us to be tolerant of others. He said: "A Muslim is a person who gets along well with everyone and with whom one can get along well."

Undoubtedly, God is the Most Merciful of the Merciful, He loves those who have compassion. The Prophet always held fast to his tolerance even as his suffering increased. He had a very gentle character, with whom he could endure and tolerate evil. He never wronged non-Muslims. When the Prophet Muhammad was pelted with stones in the mountain town of Taif (near Mecca), he prayed to God for his persecutors with the following words: “O my Lord! Have mercy on her. Because my people are ignorant. They don't know what they did. "

Role model and example:

For Muslims he is undoubtedly a universal messenger from God whose teaching is exemplary for all times.
Through his gentleness and kindness, he showed a path that would be groundbreaking for humanity.
The Messenger of God was in his environment as extremely trustworthy, truthful, generous, helpful, friendly, polite and very humble. He was also pure inside and out, which he recommended to everyone. He was both a prophet and a servant of God.
He cared about the social life of his society as well as the life of his family and placed great emphasis on treating women with respect. In his farewell sermon he said: “I recommend that you respect the rights of women and act piously on them. Because you have a certain right over your wives, they have a certain right over you. ”For this reason he not only used to meet their needs, he was more helpful and understanding towards his wives in every respect.
Even as a husband, he showed his wife friendship, respect and practical support and said: "Paradise is at the feet of mothers". With this statement he makes it clear that he considered women's rights, especially those of mothers, to be fundamental.

Tolerance towards people of different faiths and neighbors:

His way of life showed great respect and human closeness towards members of other religions. He taught his followers that there is a special closeness to Christians and Jews and that people are free to choose whether to accept or reject belief in God, and that Muslims should treat others with kindness. Muhammad saw himself as a follower of Jesus and referred to him as his "brother".
Tolerance towards neighbors is both a social task and an imperative in Islam; because neighbors come right after the family.

Respecting the rights of neighbors and maintaining good neighborliness was extremely important to him. The religion of the neighbor played no role.
He emphasized this view: "He is not a (true) believer who eats his fill while his neighbor is hungry." He also emphasized: "He whose neighbors are not safe from his wrongdoings is not a believer."

Hijra (emigration) and death:

The Prophet accepted the invitation of the Muslim group of the city of Yathrib (later Medinat-an-Nabi * and derived from it al-Medina **) and emigrated there with all devout Muslims. In doing so he was able to save his person's life and the existence of his community.

The emigration of the Prophet Muhammad from Mecca to Medina (Yathrib) took place in September 622 AD. In Medina he concluded a peace agreement with various religious communities and tribes. Thanks to this social agreement, Jews, Christians and Muslims lived together quite peacefully in this city. The agreement formed the basis for the peaceful coexistence of Arab and Jewish tribes who had been at odds with one another for centuries.
The first mosque of Islam was also built by the Prophet and his companions in Medina. He also founded the first church and community in Islam. In 632 he died in Medina and was buried in the mosque mentioned.
The most important message of the Prophet of Islam then as now is the peaceful coexistence of all people.
Muslims rejoice in the blessed birth of their prophet and celebrate it every year with the feeling that the Turkish Sufi poet (mystic) Yunus EMRE (c. 1240-1321) expresses with the following poem in celebration of the blessed birth of the prophet Muhammad brings:


The whole world sank in light

when Muhammad was born,
No black face was seen

when Muhammad was born,
The Huri girls arrived

to swaddle him then,
They then bowed to the child

when Muhammad was born,
The crying child was comforted

he pleased the mother who gave birth,
and the heathen crowd believed,

when Muhammad was born,
O brother, so Yunus says fine,

Tears of blood pour from your eye!
It fell down mountain and stone,

when Muhammad was born.
Koran 35/24: "Truly, We have sent you with the truth, as a bringer of good news and as a warner; and there is no people to whom a warner has not appeared earlier."
 
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* "City of the Prophet"
** "the town"