Why do people show their cuts
Scribing, cutting, burning - why young people injure themselves
Petra (13) repeatedly scratches her forearm with the razor blade. The bleeding lines are lined up next to scars that have already healed. “After that I feel better. I hardly feel any pain, ”she explains. Psychologists call it self-harming or autoaggressive behavior when people intentionally inflict wounds on themselves. These include cuts with a knife or other blades, burns with a hot iron, or the squeezing of cigarettes on the skin. One speaks of self-harming behavior when the injuries are socially unacceptable and are committed without suicidal intent. "This means that piercing, branding, dermal anchors and other forms of body modification are not included," explains Professor Dr. Paul Plener, senior physician at the University of Ulm, Clinic for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy.
Gain control of your own emotions
Studies show that around 20-25% of young people in Austria and Germany have injured themselves at least once. However, some (approx. 4%) deliberately injure themselves over weeks, months and years. Girls between the ages of 12 and 15 are particularly affected. These actions are mostly incomprehensible to outsiders, but fulfill very specific functions for those affected. The main purpose behind light forms is to change or stabilize one's own emotional state. For example, those affected want to be more aware of themselves, want to feel physical pain when their emotional pain becomes too much for them. You want to vent anger off, want to maintain control over yourself, or want to punish yourself. Self-harm is then a form of processing problems or aggressiveness and at the same time an outlet for negative feelings. Another motive can be that those affected want to draw attention to their situation or want to influence the dynamics of relationships. It can also happen that self-harming behavior in a group is suddenly considered chic, it is imitated in order to impress and to belong. “The most common intention associated with this behavior, however, is to reduce uncomfortable, negative feelings. Tension and internal pressure are relieved, ”explains Professor Dr. Plener. "Scoring and cutting become the solution and often an addiction."
There are many reasons for self-harm. A depressive development often plays a role. Disturbances in childhood and traumatic experiences can also be causes, such as the death of an important person, the separation of parents, problems with boyfriends or girlfriends, bullying or sexual abuse. Parents, educators and friends usually feel irritated, overwhelmed or frightened by self-harming behavior. But how do you react correctly? Professor Dr. Paul Plener calls it “respectful curiosity”. Above all, it is important to listen, to take the feelings seriously and not to make hasty judgments. Statements like "No normal person does that" or "You just want attention" are completely out of place.
Self-harm and suicide
Of course, the question always arises whether self-harm is not also suicidal behavior. Self-harming behavior and suicidality have one thing in common: They can be seen as misguided attempts at solving problems and challenges and those affected need support. There is no clear demarcation. Self-harm is not always a sign of a suicidal tendency, but behind life-threatening forms there is usually a specific suicidal intention. Self-injurious behavior is always a cry for help that requires a reaction from the environment. Professional clarification and support can help to deal with this challenging situation well.
- What are the richest countries in Europe
- How much a juice shop owner makes
- What are the best films that show hope
- Eating elephant chocolate
- Overall, BTS Jungkook is sensitive
- Can love actually make you physically sick
- What do the White Walkers want
- Why does the US allow illegal immigration?
- Why don't millennials want children
- How dirty is the London Underground
- How are identical twins produced asexually?
- Goodbye is everything grammatically correct
- Is Cory Booker black
- Is Tomyris Turkish or Iranian
- Saves disk space rounding Python float
- Why is Hong Kong still happening
- How does imidazole react with ammonia
- What do Chinese tourists think of Japan?
- Are Serbia and Turkey friends now?
- Can Indians handle spicy food
- What do Indonesians think of Bolivia
- Who buys photography
- How do you feel about Australian food
- Most Americans and Europeans bathe every day